Last week, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released updated Federal Poverty Level (FPL) standards for 2023, which are used as eligibility criteria for programs such as Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). For a family or household of four living in one of the 48 contiguous states or the District of Columbia, the poverty guideline for 2023 is $30,000.
These annual updates increase the Census Bureau’s current official poverty thresholds by the relevant percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI–U).
The 2023 guidelines reflect the 8% price increase between calendar years 2021 and 2022. After this inflation adjustment, the guidelines are rounded and adjusted to standardize the differences between family and household sizes.
To determine eligibility for Medicaid and CHIP, states generally use a percentage multiple of the guidelines (for example, 133 percent or 185 percent of the guidelines).
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